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Home East China Attractions Zhenjiang Tourist Attractions

Zhenjiang Tourist Attractions


Zhenjiang is a southern riverside city of Jiangsu province and is the neighborhood of Changzhou, Yangzhou and Nanjing. Anciently known as Runzhou and the provincial capital city of Jiangsu in the Republic of China, it is also famous as the overpass intersection of Yangtze River and The Grand Canal. The tourist attractions in Zhejiang are strongly characterized of grandness, mystery and amazement. To make the reading easier, the travel resources of Zhenjiang could be macroscopically categorized into the cultural heritage, natural landscapes and the universities.

Cultural Landscapes in Zhenjiang

The cultural landscapes of Zhenjiang at present could be generally summarized into 24 places of interest(镇江二十四景), which we exhibit in the form of table as below:

Xijin Xundu (西津寻渡, The Historic Block of Xijin Ferry)

Beishui Liulang (北水柳浪, Jinshan Lake Scenic Area)

Moya Xizhao(摩崖夕照, The Stele Forest of Jiaoshan Hill)

Ronglou Xiaohe(蓉楼晓荷,The Lotus Tower)

Lingquan Xiyu(泠泉喜雨,Zhongling Spring boasting the No.1 spring under the sky)

Cishou Taying(慈寿塔影,Mercy & Longevity Pagoda)

Xiaosi Tingli(萧寺听鹂, Zhaoyin Buddhist Temple)

Jiangzu Wenzong(江左文宗, Wenzong Pavilion)

Changshan Yanyun(长山烟云, Mifu Calligraphy Park)

Changhong Wobo(长虹卧波,Daqiao Park)

Hanting Ludi(寒汀芦荻, Binjiang Wetland)

Yuntai Xiawei(云台霞蔚, Boxian Park)

Jincheng Chunwang(晋城春望,The Relics Park of Huashan Ancient City)

Haimen Jiangxue(海门江雪, The Ferry of Jiaoshan Hill)

Beigu Yuanfan(北固远帆, Duojing Tower)

Ganlu Liufang(甘露流芳, Ganlu Buddhist Temple)

Denghuo LinLiu
( 灯火临流, The Ancient Grand Canal )

Lianhua Hanqiu
( 莲花含秋, The West Entrance of South Hill)

Chuishan Jingtao(圌山惊涛, Chuaishan Hill)

Zhulin Diecui(竹林叠翠, Zhulin Buddhist Temple)

Chunjiang Yeyue(春江夜月,The Square of Spring River Tide)

Dingshan Fangmei
) 鼎石访梅, Baotashan Hill Park)

Wantou Bili(湾头壁立,Beigu Bay)

Wenxin Fanshuang
) 文心繁霜, Wenyuan Garden)

The Cultural Hills.Although Zhenjiang is on riverside and named with a relevance to the Yangtze River, but it is historically famous for hills. The famous hills in Zhenjiang are represented by Jinshan Hill, Jiaoshan Hill, Maoshan Hill, South Hill, Baohua Hill and Beigu Hill.

  • Jinshan Hill(金山). Literally known as The Golden Mountain, it is one of the most famous tourist attractions in Zhenjiang, and includes lots of fantastic cultural and historical sites. It is in China also reputed as the site of the Legend of Lady White Snake, where Lady White Snake submerged the whole mountain with her magic power to save her husband Xu Xian. More to read at the Introduction to Jinshan Hill >>>

  • Jiaoshan Hill(焦山). Literally known as one of three mountains in Zhenjiang. It was named after Jiao Guang, a famous recluse and deity-like figure of Eastern Han Dynasty of China. This is a center of Buddhism and calligraphy culture. The famous Dinghui Temple and the Jiaoshan Stele Forest housing the nationally famous The Inscription of Burying Crane, or Yi He Ming, are located here. More to read at the Introduction to Jiaoshan Hill >>>

  • Maoshan Hill(茅山). In some books, literally translated to be Maoshan Mountain or Mountain of Mao. It is one of Taoism centers around the world, and also the most mysterious land that Taoist believers take as the origin of the superpowers in Taoism. The Taoists from Maoshan Mountain are all capable of capturing the ghosts and devils, even owning the magical arts to suppress and conquer the vampires and corpses. In many novels and legends, the Taoists here are described to be a god-like figure who the folk society highly praises. More to read at the Introduction to Maoshan Hill >>>

  • South Hill(南山). South Hill or Nanshan Scenic Area is a cultural land that the scholarly writers left their great cultural heritage here. During the period from Southern and Northern Dynasties to Ming Dynasty, some big events of literature happened here. Prince Zhaoming (501-531) of Liang State invited the talents like Liu Xie to compose the Literary Selections of Zhaoming, which was the first selected works of literature in the history of China. Mi Fu and Mi Youren lived here for 40 years. Dai Yong who was a great sculptor and guqin musician lived here created three greatest music works – Guang Ling, You Xian and Zhi Xi. Su Donpo left the Bamboo Yard of Lord Su in Crane-Forest Temple. More to read at the Introduction to South Hill >>>

  • Baohua Hill(宝华山). Baohua Mountain National Forest Park borders on Nanjing, and approximately 30 kilometgers away from the downtown Zhenjiang. It was named by Monk Baozhi when he visited Jiean Temple to teach the sutras. The scenic area is highlighted with the beauty of forest, the prettiness of the peaks, the depth of the caves and the splendor of the misty sunglow. More to read at the Introduction to Baohua Hill>>>

  • Beigu Hill(北固山). As famous as Jin Hill and Jiao Hill, and together known as three hill scenic areas in Zhenjiang. Among three hills, it is the grandest and steepest mountain adjacent to the Yangtze River. In history, the most famous story of Liu Bei Married Sun Shangxiang happened at Ganlu Temple here. More to read at the Introduction to Beigu Hill >>>

  • Chuishan Hill (圌山). Also known as Qushan Hill, approximately 30 kilometers away from the downtown Zhenjiang. Originally it was named Ruishan Hill or the Auspicious Hill, but changed to today’s named during Emperor Qinshihuang’s southern inspection when he saw the vivid rise of the auspicious air with the power of dragon and tiger, which were considered as the air of the emperor. And he was afraid that somebody here may deprive his power of controlling the empire, so he ordered the people to put the left part, which is a character,王(King) , away from the Rui (瑞), which was the name of the mountain at the time, to relieve his worry. And then to confirm this hill is not harmful to his rule, he added a”口” to the outside of the remain of the Rui to avoid the escape of the air of emperor, and eventually named Chuishan Hill. More to read at the Introduction to Chuishan Hill >>>

The Ancient Temples. As an important land of Buddhism and Taoism, Zhenjiang has many famous Buddhist and Taoist monasteries in China. Some of then we select are listed below:

  • Dinghui Temple(定慧寺). Originally built in Eastern Han Dynasty, it has a history more than 1800 years. Primitively named Puji Temple, and also called Puji Zen Monastery in Song Dynasty, and up to Yuan Dynasty, it was changed to Jiaoshan Temple, and in Qing Dynasty, it was changed to be Dinghui Temple by Emperor Kangxi when he visited Jiaoshan Hill during his southern China’s inspection. Ding(定) and Hui(慧) are two philosophical terms of Buddhism culture, and also the principles of Buddhism spiritual meditation and cultivation. Dinghui Temple is one of the main central monasteries in East China. More to read at the Introduction to Dinghui Temple >>>

  • Jinshan Temple(金山寺). Located on Jinshan Mountain, Jinshan Temple was constructed in the reign of Emperor Mingdi in Eastern Jin Dynasty. The landmark buildings in the temple include The Mercy-Longevity Pagoda, The Pavilion of Viewing the River and Sky, Liuyu Pavilion. In accordance with the legend written in the classical novel, The Journey to the West, Jinshan Temple was the place that Monk Tangseng was adopted and raised and this place that he spent his childhood time. Also, the legend of Lady White Snake flooding the Jinshan Hill to meet her husband Xu Xian. What’s more, Madame Liang Hongyu striking the drum to motivate the troops of her husband during the fighting against the Jin minorities’ invasion in Southern Song Dynasty. More to read at the Introduction to Jinshan Temple >>>

  • Ganlu Temple (甘露寺). Ganlu Temple literally means the Sweet Dew Temple is located on the Beigu Hill off the Yangtze River. It is literally defined as a mountain of Three Kingdoms history, due to the legends of Liu Bei’s bond with Wu Kingdom through his marriage with Sun Shangxiang, who was the young sister of King Sun Quan of Wu. Since then, it has become a site for ambitious figure to express their personal will and passion over the past thousands of years. More to read about the Introduction to Ganlu Temple >>>

  • Zhaoyin Temple (招隐寺). Zhaoyin Temple is located on the hillside of Zhaoyin Hill in the southern suburb of downtown Zhenjiang. The entrance is a pailou building with grand calligraphic handwriting of four characters – Cheng Shi Shan Lin, which means the forest of city. It was constructed on the basis of the private mansion of Dai Yong, who was a famous reclusive musician of Southern and Northern Dynasties. It is nationwide known as the sacred land of Chinese reclusive culture or retreat culture. The main historical relics here include the Reading Platform, Glory-Adding Pavilion, Tiger Spring Pavilion and Pearl Spring. It is far from the downtown area and features the tranquil surroundings. Many great souls of history left their heritage here such as Prince Zhaoming, Mu Fu and his son Mi Youren, More to read at the Introduction to Zhaoyin Temple >>>

  • Longchang Temple(隆昌寺). Originally called Qianhua Temple that the ancient Buddhist believers established approximately 1500 years ago, Changlong Temple is located on the Baohua Mountain, Zhenjiang. It at present is the key cultural site under the national protection. Nowadays, it is the largest and most authoritative center of Vinaya School of the Buddhism, and the ancestral chamber of Chinese Vinaya Buddhism, and it also ranks the No.1 Buddhist Monastery of the Vinaya School. More to read at the Introduction to Longchang Temple >>>

  • Maoshan Taoist Temple(茅山道院). Located in Jurong County, Jiangsu Province, Maoshan Taoist Temple is in Maoshan Mountain. It boasts the No.1 Blessed Land and the Eighth Taoist Fairyland, and also the cradle land of Shangqing Branch, Lingbao Branch and Maoshan Branch of Chinese Taoism. In history of Taoism, Maoshan Taoist Temple has a higher status, and in 1983, it was listed to be a National Key Taoist Temple. More to read at the Introduction to Maoshan Taoist Temple >>>

  • Bamboo Forest Temple(竹林寺). Established in Eastern Han Dynasty, it was initially named Jingzhong Temple or Purifying Mass Temple. In Yuanhe Period of Tang Dynasty, the whole temple was surrounded by thousands of bamboos, and then renamed to be Bamboo Forest Temple or Zhulin Temple. Li Bai at the age of 24 departed from his hometown to east China, and visited his temple. Su Dongpo of Song Dynasty and Peng Duanshu of Qing Dynasty visited here and left their classic prose here.

Museums & Memorials. Zhenjiang is a time-honored city with many valued historical sites and heritage. They are mostly well preserved and exhibited in museums such as Zhenjiang Museum, Jiaoshan Stele Forest Museum and Chinese Vinegar Culture Museum. During its long-standing history, many great souls appeared and their residences are also typically protected and developed to be a tourist site in Zhenjiang. Most of them are listed below:

  • Zhenjiang Museum.Established in 1958, the Museum of Zhenjiang is regionally comprehensive art museum, which is built on the former site of British Consulate, and the building itself is a cultural site under the national protection. The bronze-wares and the porcelains and the golden-silver wares from Tang to Ming dynasties are all perfectly preserved and exhibited here. It shows the past and the civilization of this city. More to read at the Introduction to Zhenjiang Museum >>>

  • Jiaoshan Stele Forest Museum. Located in Jiaoshan Hill Scenic Area, it is a cultural site under the national protection. The museum was established in 1991, and the main buildings are comprised of the old site of Baomo Pavilion, Haiyun House, Shibi House and Xianglin House. The whole area of the museum inclusive of the Jiaoshan Old Emplacement and the Cliff Inscription. The highlights of the collection are the calligraphic inscription of Yi He Ming (瘗鹤铭), which means the Inscription of Burying the Crane, and this is respected to be the source of Chinese big calligraphy works, and the valued calligraphic masterpieces of Mi Fu. More to read at the Introduction to Jiaoshan Stele Forest Museum >>>

  • Chinese Zhenjiang Vinegar Culture Museum. Zhenjiang is a national famous production center of vinegar, and the counterpart of Shanxi Vinegar (also known as Shanxi Mature Vinegar). The brand of Zhenjiang Vinegar also known as Chinkiang Vinegar is the one of four types of vinegars in the world (the other three are the Vinegar of Sichuan, the Vinegar of Fujian and the Vinegar of Shanxi, which has been mentioned above). It is the most popular one in southeast China, and this museum is also national first themed museum with the culture and history of vinegar in China. More to read at the Introduction to Zhenjiang Vinegar Culture Museum >>>

  • The Former Residence of Pearl S. Buck. Pearl S. Buck (1892-1973) also known by her Chinese name Sai Zhenzhu was an American. She grew up in China since she was brought to China by her parents who were missionaries, when she was only a three-month infant. She was a winner of a Pulitzer and Nobel Prize for Literature. Pearl S. Buck’s childhood, girlhood and youth time were all spent in Zhenjiang. She lived here for 18 years. She lived in China for nearly 40 years, and she took Chinese as her first language and Zhenjiang as her hometown always. More to read at the Introduction to The Former Residence of Pearl S. Buck >>>

  • The Former Residence of Zhang Yunpeng. Located at Cangxiang 69, the Former Residence of Zhang Yunpeng is a cultural site under the provincial protection, and the excellent project of UNESCO Asia-Pacific Regional Cultural Heritage Protection 2000. The residence was built in the early period of the Republic of China and opposite to the famous Five Willows Hall. Zhang Yunpeng was an authoritative traditional Chinese medicine doctor. More to read at the Introduction to the Former Residence of Zhang Yunpeng>>>

  • The Former Residence of Leng Yuqiu. Leng Yuqiu was a famous democratic revolutionist in the early period of the Republic of China. The whole Former Residence of Leng Yuqiu actually is a memorial to remember Leng Yuqiu. The personal mansion is located in Huangxu Town, Dantu County, Zhenjiang, Jiangsu Province. The building was built in the early period of the Repbulic of China, approximately in 1920s. It is a two-storey building.

  • The Former Residence of Shen Kuo. Mengxi Garden or the Stream-Dreaming Garden is the former residence of Shen Kuo. This is the residence at his old age, and the place that Shen Kuo completed his great works Mengxi Bitan (梦溪笔谈, Dream Pool Essays), which Joseph Needham (Li Yuese)commented as the most important milestone of science and technology in China.

  • Zhenjiang Folk Culture and Art Museum. Located at Changjiang Road 207, it is also known as the date bank of folk culture and art in Zhenjiang. It is also the first place of China to excavate, collect, exhibit, develop and study the regional folk culture. It was established in 1989, and officially opened in 2003.

  • Apart from the sites mentioned above, some places officially opened as the parks are also in memory of some big important figures of Zhenjiang such as Boxian Park is for memorizing Zhao Boxian who sacrificed himself to the Xinhai Revolution. Mifu Calligraphy Park is to remember Mi Fu who was one of four greatest calligraphy art masters in Northern Song Dynasty and great scholar of history with a strange personality. Baotashan Park is a leisure park in memory of the China-Japan Friendship.

Relics & Mausoleums. Zhenjing was an important capital area of Southern Dynasties. And more historical mausoleums and relics are located here such as the Tomb of Zong Ze and the mausoleum clusters of emperors in Southern Dynasties. Some of the key historical sites are listed below:

  • The Mausoleum of Zong Ze (宗泽墓). Located at the northern foot of Jingxian Mountain, it is a tomb of Song Dynasty. Over eight hundred years, the tomb has been restored and protected for many times, and basically remains the original look. Also a memorial hall was established by General Yue Fei to memorize his teacher, a great patriot who organized the troops and used Yue Fei to fight against the invasion of Jin troop. More to read at the Introduction to Zong Ze Tomb >>>

  • Zhongling Spring(中泠泉). Zongling Spring also named The No.1 Spring under the Sky. Originally at the center of the Yangtze River,also it is the only spring along the Yangtze River. Lu Yu,boasting the Sage of the Tea, ranked it as the seventh best spring nationwide during his search for best water to make tea. Liu Boqu, a famous guy in Tang Dynasty, classified the water for tea nationwide into seven grades. And the water of Zhongling Spring was listed into the first grade, and then it has its reputed name"The No.1 Spring Under the Sky" . More to read at the Introduction to Zhongling Spring >>>

  • Stone Sculptures at Mausoleum of the Southern Dynasties(南朝陵墓石刻). All of the stone sculptures at imperial mausoleums of the Southern Dynasties are the stone statues on both of the sacred way in the front of the mausoleums of the emperor and princes and marquises in Southern Dynasties. Totally, there are 33 sites in Jiangsu province. And 12 of them are in Zhenjiang. More to read at the Introduction to The Imperial Stone Sculptures of Southern Dynasties >>>

  • Yi He Ming (瘗鹤铭). Just mentioned above, Yi He Ming is a national cultural treasure preserved in Jiaoshan Forest Stele Museum. Jiaoshan Hill in history boasted the mountain of calligraphy. Yi He Ming is a mournful inscription about burying the dead cranes. It was approximately written during the Eastern Jin Dynasty. The calligraphy is so large that people cannot find the larger one before it. More to Read at The Introduction to Yi He Ming Calligraphy >>>

  • The Grand Canal(古运河). The Grand Canal extends from Beijing to Hangzhou and has big section in Zhenjiang, which plays a key role in waterway transportation in China. It largely connects Yangzhou and Changzhou to make the whole region together. More to read at the Introduction to the Grand Canal >>>

Buildings & Streets. In details, the fantastic cultural landscapes of Zhenjiang is comprised of many specific historical and cultural sites in different corners of the city such as the Ancient Xijin Ferry Street, Tiweng City, Duojing Tower, Lotus Tower, Five Willows Hall and so on.

  • Ancient Xijin Ferry Street (西津渡古街). With a length of approximate 1 kilometer, this is an old street appeared in the period of six dynasties. It is the most famous street to review the history and ancient culture of Zhenjiang. It is the core of Zhenjiang known as a nationally famous city for history and culture. More to read at the Introduction to Ancient Xijin Ferry Street >>>

  • Tieweng City(铁瓮城). Also known as the Jingkou City or Zicheng Town, Tieweng City was built by Sun Quan, the king of Wu State in the Three Kingdoms period. It was built as the requirements of the capital city, so the layout and the standards are both different from others. In 2013, it was accepted to be a historical site under the national key protection. More to read at the Introduction to Tieweng City >>>

  • Duojing Tower (多景楼). Located behind the Ganlu Temple of Beigu Mountain, Duojing Tower (literally means the Tower of Multiple Sights) is a grand and well-decorated pavilion actually with overhanging eaves. It anciently was one of three most reputable towers along with The Yangtze River (The two others are Yueyang Tower and Yellow Crane Tower). The big board on the tower with seven big characters”天下江山第一楼”was inscribed by Mi Fu. More to read at the Introduction to Duojing Tower >>>

  • Lotus Tower (芙蓉楼). Known for the site that Wang Changling described in his poem”See Xinjian Off at Lotus Tower”, Lotus Tower originally had a name of Northwest Tower, and it nearby the Zhongling Spring was given a calligraphic inscription by former president Jiang Zemin. More to read at the Introduction to Lotus Tower >>>

  • Wenzong Pavilion (文宗阁). Located in Jinshan Temple, Wenzong Pavilion was built in 1779 but destroyed in 1853 with a history of 74 years. It is one of seven most important and sacred cultural sites and one of three most famous pavilions in Jiangnan Region (the two others are Yangzhou Wenhui Pavilion and Hangzhou Wenlan Pavilion) to collect the world’s largest book collection, Siku Quanshu (Complete Library in Four Branches of Literature), and a book collection entitled Gujin Tushu Jicheng (The Integration of Ancient and Modern Books). More to read at the Introduction to Wenzong Pavilion >>>

  • Five Willows Hall(五柳堂). Located at Yanjun Alley, it is a typical local building representing the characteristics of Zhenjiang architectural style and tradition. More to read at the Introduction to Five Willows Hall >>>

  • Runyang Yangtze River Bridge(润扬大桥). On the west side of Zhenjiang and Yangzhou, it is has a full name of Zhenjiang-Yangzhou Yangtze River Bridge, and the namer selects the first character of Zhenjiang and Yangzhou together to be the name of this Yangtze River Bridge, and Run was Runzhou, which is the old name of Zhenjiang. Interestingly, it originally was named Zhenyang Yangtze River Birdge, but dramatically changed to be today’s name with the interruption of a big man of the central government, due to the literal understanding of suppressing Yangzhou, which is said to the hometown of that guy. More to read at the Introduction to Runyang Yangtze River Bridge >>>

The Prestigious Universities

Jiangsu University. This is a prestigious comprehensive university of China and also a national key university directly administrated by Ministry of Education. In 2001, it was enlarged and upgraded via annexing the former Jiangsu University of Science and Technology, Zhenjiang Medical College, Zhenjiang Teacher’s College. Jiangsu University before 1948 was a name of Nanjing University for a certain period. It shares the source with Nanjing University and Southeast University, and a part of Sanjiang Normal College established by Zhang Zhidong, Liu Kunyi and Wei Guangtao in 1902 in Nanjing. More to read at the Introduction to Jiangsu University >>>

Jiangsu University of Science and Technology. This is a university with a history of more than 80 years. It is nationally famous for its achievements in shipbuilding and sericulture. The university was established in 1933 in Shanghai. After 1949, it became China’s first higher education institute of shipbuilding engineering. In 1970, it was moved to Zhenjiang. In 1978, it was renamed Zhenjiang Shipbuilding Institute, and in 1993, it changed to be East China Shipbuilding Institute. In 2004, after annexing Jianghai Trade School and Sericulture Research Institute of Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, it finally has its today’s profile and power. More to read at the Introduction to Jiangsu University of Science and Technology >>>

Relevant Content

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Editor: Julius from Mildchina
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