Today’s Activity – Downtown Nanjing Day Tour
Meals – Lunch
Your guide will pick up you in hotel of Nanjing or Nanjing railway stations around 8:30am and then start your private day trip in Nanjing.
Firstly visit to Nanjing Massacre Memorial Hall - In memory of more than 300, 000 victims killed Japanese troop invaders in 1937. It is located in the southwestern corner of Nanjing and it is historically known as Jiangdongmen, which used to be one of the execution grounds and mass burial places of the cruel holocaust. The memorial hall was built in 1985, and enlarged in 1995. It is the themed exhibition sites displaying the historical records and objects and many other treasured remains to unfold that most nightmarish and humiliated period of modern China and the most nonhuman savage act by the most evil monster-like country – Japan, in the world.
Then go to Yangtze River Bridge - It is the symbolic architecture and project to show the achievements that new China got from 1949 to 1979, when China was under the leadership of Chairman Mao, and operated by the Planned Economy. The bridge was completely built in 1968. This is the first bridge across the Yangtze River in Nanjing. It is absolutely designed and constructed by Chinese people without any external assistance. It is quite advanced at the time for its double-decker and double-tracking style for both highway and railway transportations.
Continue to visit Ming Xiaoling Mausoleum - As a famous world cultural heritage site, it is a shared tomb of Emperor Zhu Yuanzhang and his Wife with a surname of Ma, in other words, the multi-burial mausoleum of emperor and empress, the founders of Ming Dynasty. The mausoleum was built in 1381, and in 1382, Empress Ma passed away, and buried in this mausoleum. In 1398, Emperor Zhu Yuanzhang passed away and buried in this mausoleum as well. In 1413, as the completion of The Stele of Godly Merit and Saintly Virtue of Xiaoling Mausoleum in Grand Ming Empire, the whole mausoleum area was entirely completed. So in history of Ming Dynasty, Nanjing served as the capital had a privilege in all aspects. The posthumous title of Empress was Xiao Ci(孝慈, filial piety and kindness), therefore, the mausoleum was named to Xiao Ling. It is the top one among the mausoleums of Ming Dynasty in Beijing and Nanjing, and stands for the top achievement of architectural art and stonecutting art in Ming Dynasty. The Ming Xiaoling Mausoleum gives a direct influence to the final formation of imperial mausoleum design, a time of roughly 500 years, such as the Ming Tombs of Beijing, Chuangwang Mausoleum of Hubei province, Qing Mausoleum in Beijing, Liaoning province and Hebei province. All of these imperial mausoleums, approximately 20 imperial tombs, were all built following the convention of Ming Xiaoling Mausoleum.
After lunch, head to the Presidential Palace - Located at 292 Changjiang Road, in the Xuanwu District, it housed the Office of the President of the Republic of China before the republic relocated to Taiwan in 1949. Today, it is the China Modern History Museum. The Presidential Palace (Zongtong Fu) is a fascinating witness to some of the most tumultuous events of the last two centuries of Chinese history. The huge complex covers several city blocks, and ranges from classical gardens to neo-European villas and administrative buildings.
Go on to the Zhonghua Gate - Zhonghua Gate or China Gate is the south gate of Capital of Ming Dynasty. In Ming and Qing Dynasties, it was also called Jubao Gate. Among the gates of Nanjing, it is the grandest one, and also the largest and most complete gate with fortress-style town outside the city gate throughout China. Its design and functionality setting have a great influence in history of Chinese architecture.
Finally travel to Confucius Temple - Locally known as Fuzimiao, it originally was the site to offer sacrifice to Confucius. Confucius Temple was built in 1034 located on the north side of Qinhuai River. It makes full of Qinhuai River as its Panchi(泮池, the substantial part of traditional Confucius temple or national &imperial educational center). And its Zhaobi (照壁, a traditional and philosophical decoration to the family mansion) is located on the south side of the river. Juxing Pavilion(聚星亭) and Sile Pavilion(思乐亭) are located on front of the temple. The main buildings like lingxing Gate, Dacheng Gate, Mingde Hall, Dacheng Hall and Zunjing Pavilion are all located on the axes. The whole building complex was resurfaced in 1985. The surrounding houses and stores were all rebuilt in the style of architecture in Ming and Qing Dynasties.
After the whole day tour, you are transferred back either to your hotel in Nanjing or Nanjing railway stations around 6:00pm.
||> 10 passengers
| What Is Included and Excluded
Hotel accommodation (or similar class, double occupancy)
Entrance fees as specified in the itinerary
Meals as specified in the itinerary (B= breakfast, L= Chinese lunch, D= Chinese dinner)
Experienced English speaking guide in each city
Air-conditioned private car or van for transfers and sightseeing
Domestic flights (economy class), airport tax and fuel charge
Service Charges & Government Taxes
Travel Agency Liability Insurance
Personal expenses such as: excess luggage charge (please verify your flight documentation), beverages, laundry services, etc.
Tips or gratuities to local driver and guide
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| The Travel Guide of Nanjing
Editor: Julius from Mildchina
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