Day 1 - Nanjing (L)
Accommodation: Nanjing New Century Hotel (4 stars)
After arriving in Nanjing, your guides will receive you at the railway station or airport, and then starting your visiting in Nanjing.
▪ You firstly travel to Dr. Sun Yat-sen Mausoleum (中山陵), known as Zhongshan Ling in Chinese, it is situated on Zhongshan Mountain (Bell Mountain) in the eastern suburb of Nanjing. This mountain is also known as Zijin Mountain or The Purple Gold Mountain. The mausoleum is built to bury the mortal remains of Sun Yat-sen, the founder of Kuomintang and the Republic of China, and even the modern China. He was both highly respected as the leader of KMT and CPC. The architectural style is highlighted with the mixture of Chinese and Western architecture.
▪ And then, go on visiting to The Ancient City Wall (明古城墙) built in early Ming Dynasty. It is the important historic site of Nanjing as the national capital of China in early Ming Dynasty. Today’s city wall mainly means the inner city wall (Generally, the capital city wall is comprised of four parts – palace city wall, imperial city wall, inner city wall and outer city wall). The existed length of the city wall is 23.399 kilometers, and the world’s longest ancient city wall, and also the largest ancient architectural complex.
▪ After that, go to visit to Yangtze River Bridge (南京长江大桥). It is the symbolic architecture and project to show the achievements that new China got from 1949 to 1979, when China was under the leadership of Chairman Mao, and operated by the Planned Economy. The bridge was completely built in 1968. This is the first bridge across the Yangtze River in Nanjing. It is absolutely designed and constructed by Chinese people without any external assistance. It is quite advanced at the time for its double-decker and double-tracking style for both highway and railway transportations.
▪ In the evening, take a free walk along the Qinhuai River (秦淮河) . Qinhuai River is the largest river in Nanjing. Why is it named Qinhuai River? A story concerned with King Weiwang (楚威王, the king pushed Chu State to its peak) of Chu State during the warring states period. It was said that King Weiwang saw a large area of purple clouds (traditionally it symbolizes the auspiciousness and luck, and was depicted to be the surroundings of immortals, gods and great saints) arose in Jinling(the ancient name of Nanjing) during his eastward inspection. He took it as the air of emperor, and ordered the local to open the water to connect with Yangtze River. The later generation mistook this waterway was opened in Qin Dynasty. So it was called Qinhuai River. The night sightseeing of Qinhuai River is most fantastic and impressive.
▪ And then, enjoy shopping and local cuisine in Confucius Temple Area (夫子庙). Locally known as Fuzimiao, it originally was the site to offer sacrifice to Confucius. Confucius Temple was built in 1034 located on the north side of Qinhuai River. It makes full of Qinhuai River as its Panchi(泮池, the substantial part of traditional Confucius temple or national &imperial educational center). And its Zhaobi (照壁, a traditional and philosophical decoration to the family mansion) is located on the south side of the river. Juxing Pavilion(聚星亭) and Sile Pavilion(思乐亭) are located on front of the temple. The main buildings like lingxing Gate, Dacheng Gate, Mingde Hall, Dacheng Hall and Zunjing Pavilion are all located on the axes. The whole building complex was resurfaced in 1985. The surrounding houses and stores were all rebuilt in the style of architecture in Ming and Qing Dynasties.
Day 2 - Nanjing (B/L)
▪ After breakfast, take a visit to Ming Xiaoling Mausoleum (明孝陵). As a famous world cultural heritage site, it is a shared tomb of Emperor Zhu Yuanzhang and his Wife with a surname of Ma, in other words, the multi-burial mausoleum of emperor and empress, the founders of Ming Dynasty. The mausoleum was built in 1381, and in 1382, Empress Ma passed away, and buried in this mausoleum. In 1398, Emperor Zhu Yuanzhang passed away and buried in this mausoleum as well. In 1413, as the completion of The Stele of Godly Merit and Saintly Virtue of Xiaoling Mausoleum in Grand Ming Empire, the whole mausoleum area was entirely completed. So in history of Ming Dynasty, Nanjing served as the capital had a privilege in all aspects. The posthumous title of Empress was Xiao Ci(孝慈, filial piety and kindness), therefore, the mausoleum was named to Xiao Ling. It is the top one among the mausoleums of Ming Dynasty in Beijing and Nanjing, and stands for the top achievement of architectural art and stonecutting art in Ming Dynasty. The Ming Xiaoling Mausoleum gives a direct influence to the final formation of imperial mausoleum design, a time of roughly 500 years, such as the Ming Tombs of Beijing, Chuangwang Mausoleum of Hubei province, Qing Mausoleum in Beijing, Liaoning province and Hebei province. All of these imperial mausoleums, approximately 20 imperial tombs, were all built following the convention of Ming Xiaoling Mausoleum.
▪ Then you will move to Nanjing Museum (南京博物院). Nanjing Museum is one of china’s four most famous museums; the other three respectively are Beijing Imperial Palace Museum, Shaanxi Provincial History Museum and Shanghai Museum. Nanjing museum located in the south side of Purple Gold Mountain in history is China’s first modern comprehensive museum established by the Republic of China, and it was originally named National Central Museum built in 1933. The highlights of the collections in museum are antiques or remains of history and culture. By the way, it is one of three museums in China partially collecting the national treasures from Beijing Forbidden City.
▪ After lunch, take a free walk along Xuanwu Lake (玄武湖), a historic leisure center in history. It is best viewed together with the ancient city walls and Jiming Buddhist Temple (鸡鸣寺), which is the most famous temple complex in Nanjing, even in east China.
||> 10 passengers
| What Is Included and Excluded
Hotel accommodation (or similar class, double occupancy)
Entrance fees as specified in the itinerary
Meals as specified in the itinerary (B= breakfast, L= Chinese lunch, D= Chinese dinner)
Experienced English speaking guide in each city
Air-conditioned private car or van for transfers and sightseeing
Domestic flights (economy class), airport tax and fuel charge
Service Charges & Government Taxes
Travel Agency Liability Insurance
Personal expenses such as: excess luggage charge (please verify your flight documentation), beverages, laundry services, etc.
Tips or gratuities to local driver and guide
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| The Travel Guide of Nanjing
Editor: Julius from Mildchina
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