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Qian Chu Profile


Originally named Hongchu, Qianchu(钱俶, 929—988) was born in Linan, today's Hangzhou and his courtesy name was Hu Zi or Wende. Qian Chu was the last King of Wuyue Kingdom. His father was Qian Yuanguan(钱元瓘)and elder brother was Qian Zong(钱倧).

At the year of 10 or so, he acted as the key position in Wuyue Kingdom, at the time the title was Nei Ya Zhu Jun Zhi Hui Shi (内衙诸军指挥使,roughly the royal troop leader) and Jian Jiao Si Kong(检校司空,The Superior Supervisor and Checker of Projects and Water Conservancy). He was called back from Taizhou when his elder brother, Qian Zong, succeeded the throne from his father. He took charge of the state council. In 948, Qianc Chu returned from suppressing the riots. On Dec. 30, 947, General Hu Jinsi(胡进思) launched the coup d'etat and Qian Zong was put on house arrest, when Qian Zong had the night dinner with generals. General Hu Jinsi welcomed Qian Chu back and promoted Qian Chu to be the king. But Qian Chu refused for many times and repeated: please make my elder brother safe, or I never accept your suggestion. Hu Jinsi agreed. In 948, Qian Chu became the new king of Wuyue Kingdom. During Qian Chu’s early reign, he remitted the taxes and gave He Chengxun(何承训, a high official of Qian Zong used to scheme kill General HE Jinsi with Qian Zong, because Qian Zong had a bad relationship with General He Jinsi) the death penalty. General Hu Jinsi also suggested Qian Chu to kill Qian Zong for many times, but Qian Chu did not agree at all and he also sent his trusted General Xue Wen(薛温) to protect Qian Zong. Before long, an assassin exceeded the wall to murder Qian Zong but this murderer was finally killed by General Xue Wen. This assassin was sent by Hu Jinsi. And this made Hu Jinsi in worry and uneasiness till his death.

After the enthronement of Qian Chu, he took many beneficial policies into practice and remitted the owed taxes of people in the past many years. Besides, he encouraged people assarting the wasteland without taxes. The people accepted him and respected him in heart. In 953, due to the serious drought, many people had to sell their children to live on. Qian Chu ordered the local governments to buy these children back and return children to their parents and open the governmental storehouses to the public to relieve the disaster of nature. In 975, Qian Chu agreed the request of Zhao Kuangyin(赵匡胤) and sent troops to join the war of integrating Southern Tang Kingdom with troops of Zhao Kuangyin. In 978, Qian Chu was summoned by Emperor Taizong(Zhao Kuangyin) of Northern Song Dynasty and was detained there. He had no choice but to attach the Wuyue Kingdom to be a part of Song Empire. Qian Chu was crowned to be King of Huaihai Kingdom, King of Hannan Kingdom, King of Nanyang Kingdom and King Xu and King Deng continually.

In August, 988, on his 60th birthday celebration, Emperor Taizong of Song Dynasty presented him the gifts and expressed the blessings. But at night, Qian Chu died unexpectedly, and someone suspected Qian Chu was poisoned to death. And Qian Chu’s Honorary Title of Death or Posthumous Name is Zhong Yi(忠懿) , and Qian Chu had seven sons. Among them, Qian Weiyan(钱惟演) was the most famous one in history of Chinese Literature.

Related Reading - The Memorial Temple of King Qians or King Qian Memorial

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