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Home History and Culture Hangzhou History The Chronology of Hangzhou & China

The Chronology of Hangzhou & China


 

Timeline

Hangzhou

Timeline

China

c.2011-1600BC

Visited by Yu the Great and called Yuhang

c.2070-1600BC

Xia Dynasty

5000 years ago

Liangzhu Culture

c.1600-1046BC

Shang Dynasty

4700 years ago

Silk Production started

c.1046-256BC

Zhou Dynasty

221-206 BC

Visited by the Emperor Qin Shi Huang

221-206 BC

Qin Dynasty

2200 years ago

Called Qiantang County

206BC -220AD

Han Dynasty

420 AD

Called Qiantang Prefecture

220-280

Three Kingdoms Period

589

Called Hangzhou

265-317

West Jin Dynasty

606

This first city gate and walls built

317-420

East Jin Dynasty

610

Extension of the Grand Canal to Hangzhou

420-589

Northern & Southern Dynasty

618

Became a famous prefecture in southeast China

581-618

Sui Dynasty

618-907

Sinking of six wells diverting drinking water from West Lake to the city Appearance of the saying “Above is the Paradise, below are Suzhou and Hangzhou

618-907

Tang Dynasty

907

Became the capital of Wuyue Kingdom

907-960

Five Dynasties

907-960

Developed sea transportation and established ties with Japan, Korea and India

960-1127

Northern Song Dynasty

1127

Became the capital of Southern Song Dynasty

1127-1279

Southern Song Dynasty

1127-1279

Became known as the biggest urban concentration with a population of 1.24 million

907-1125

Liao Dynasty

Late 13th c.

Invaded by Mongols and visited by Marco Polo and described as “the finest and most splendid city in the world”

1115-1234

Jin Dynasty

1279

Became an important city of southeast China as the seat of the government of Zhejiang province 

1206-1368

Yuan Dynasty

1368-1644

Became the center of the silk textile industry

1368-1644

Ming Dynasty

1644-1911

Regarded as one of the richest and largest cities in China

1616-1911

Qing Dynasty

1662-1722

Visited by Emperor Kangxi

1912-1949

Republic of China

1736-1795

Visited by Emperor Qianlong

1949-

People’s Republic of China

After 1842

Invaded by imperialist powers and became semi-feudal and semi-colonial city

 

 

1851-1864

Occupied twice by the Taiping Army

 

 

1949

Liberated in May with the founding of the People’s Republic of China in October

 

 

 




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Editor: Julius from Mildchina
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